Kaohsiung – Modern Culture

Strapping Port City, Inspired Art City, All in One

TEXT / RICK CHARETTE
PHOTOS / RAY CHANG, ALAN WEN, CHEN CHENG-KUO

Over the past two-plus decades, your writer-cum-travel scout has visited Kaohsiung about every two years. My impression of this place I’ve wished I could live in awhile has been of the magic of a chrysalis metamorphosis. The Kaohsiung citizenry is striving – to shake off their city’s blue-collar brand and, looking in their collective mirror each day, to see a beautiful butterfly.

Kaohsiung is a big port city built on big, brawny shoulders. Its superb natural harbor was deepened and facilities expanded by the Japanese during their 1895-1945 period, with an eye on their great Southeast Asia colonial push.


As can be imagined, it was not a prime destination for tourists. However, over the past two decades a great push has been on to remake the urban center as a garden of aesthetics (and healthy outdoor exercise). Everyone’s in on the act, from government and big-capital business with grandiose architectural statements to small-cap entrepreneurs presenting attractive modern-design eateries, shops, and other ventures.

Yancheng District

This district, the city’s smallest, is tucked in snugly between the port’s north end on its southwest, Love River east, and south tip of Shoushan (“Longevity Mountain”; see our Hiking article, page 28) northwest. “Yancheng” means “salt fields”; in Chinese imperial times the marshes here were drained for salt production. Also one of Kaohsiung’s oldest districts, it has seen a tourism renaissance, with open waterside plots used for new big-statement architectural works, long-empty warehouse clusters transformed into au courant leisure/cultural-creative hubs, young entrepreneurs sprucing up heritage retail shops, and hoteliers taking older buildings and giving them swanky new-look personalities (see or Local Stay article, page 32).

Kaohsiung Music Center

The Kaohsiung Music Center (KMC), opened in 2021, is a monumental work that stands on the north side of the Love River mouth. It serves as a landmark for pop-music performances in south Taiwan, nurturing domestic pop talent and supporting networking within the pan-Asia industry. The center’s dynamic design has been integrated with the surrounding harbor scenery, and various free outdoor activities are held, to make it a destination tourist attraction.

Kaohsiung Music Center during the day
Kaohsiung Music Center in the evening, seen from the LRT bridge

The KMC won gold at the 2021 FIABCI World Prix d’Excellence Awards in the Public Infrastructure and Amenities category. In a nod to the importance of the marine environment for Kaohsiung, the bright-white exterior features towers that resemble crashing sea waves and honeycomb-look facing symbolizing coral-reef communities.

Sea waves and honeycomb look

The complex is surrounded by pedestrian/cycling paths giving visitors broad port & river views. The Dolphin Walkway, said to resemble a leaping dolphin, delivers visitors over the Love River mouth to other KMC facilities on the south side. One of the Kaohsiung Light Rail’s charming bus-stop-style stations, Love Pier Station, is right along the raised pathway. On the south side is the Whale Promenade and the Coral Zone – the roof looking like coral as seen from the Dolphin Walkway – used for exhibits and cultural-creative retail.

Cycling close to the center
Cycling along the Love River

The Pier-2 Art Center

The Pier-2 Art Center special zone, portside just northwest of the KMC, is the heart of the city’s ongoing cultural-creative bloom, and one of its most popular attractions. The first of the three renovated warehouse clusters here was transformed in the 2000s. The long-abandoned structures were once used to store such treasures as fish meal and granulated sugar. Today they are cultural-creative incubator stages, venues for domestic and international exhibitions and festivals, live indoor and outdoor musical, theatrical, and busker performances, and large-scale outdoor installation artworks and graffiti-style/3D murals, many wonderfully quirky and whimsical, some created by artists-in-residence. There are also cultural-creative merchandise shops, cafés/eateries, and other entrepreneurial ventures.

Old warehouses transformed into cultural-creative places
Antique shop
Pier-2 Art Center is a tourist draw
Some fun for the kids too
Wall art

VR Film Lab, in warehouse C9, is a future-is-now entertainment hub opened by a team of local talents that produces original VR works. The 360 Cinema is Taiwan’s only 8K stereoscopic VR theater. The Interactive Zone is a space for stand-up and other interactive VR experiences.

Outside VR Film Lab
VR experience

TOOLS to LIVEBY, in C6, is a lifestyle store bringing aesthetics to life’s small practical items, importing classic-brand stationeries from Europe, the US, and Japan as well as designing its own unique creations, such as calligraphy practice notebooks, scissor pins, ceramic pins, typographic postcards, etc.

TOOLS to LIVEBY
Inside the store
Original office items
Cute pin

In C11 is a SunnyHills outlet set up like a bar, with a long bar-type service counter across one end and lines of tables before it. SunnyHills’ signature treat is pineapple cakes using 100% indigenous Taiwan pineapples grown in central Taiwan’s Mt. Bagua area. Visitors sit down here to free product samples and tea.

SunnyHills
Coffee and biscuits
Tea and pineapple cake
Testing SunnyHills’ offerings

Gushan District

Two constituent parts of this district are Shoushan and, key for our purposes in this article, its south-southeasternmost section, a large, long, rectangular pier area that runs parallel and very close to Yancheng District’s southwest side, forming a narrow inner harbor. The manmade extension runs all the way past the KMC. “Gushan” means “drum mountain,” from an old name for Shoushan, “Beat the Drum Mountain,” imperiously changed to the more pleasant-sounding Longevity Mountain by the Japanese in 1923.

Holo Park

Holo Park is located halfway down the just-mentioned pier area, smack in the middle, with no water on either side. This is a market square-style attraction formed by two converted warehouses in an “L” shape and, finishing the horseshoe, a line of visual treats such as a bright-red English double-decker bus, merry-go-round, and super-long “BITE2GO” food truck. The splendor of 1950s Yancheng, then Kaohsiung’s most prosperous district, is recreated using the latest holographic and VR technology with the bricks-and-mortar elements.

Holo Park
Merry-go-round
You can board a “tourist train” outside Holo Park

Kaohsiung Port Depot 410

Between park and water of the inner harbor is Kaohsiung Port Depot 410, opened in January 2022. This is a cluster of four warehouses. As elsewhere, the inner beam-and-column frameworks have been retained and are on display, original “No Fire” signs are still in place, etc. Each repurposed warehouse has its own style – no.7 is for ladies’ fashion, 8 for gatherings and dining, 9 for sports and fashion, and 10 has an illuminating exhibit of harbor-area historical photographs.

Installation art at Kaohsiung Port Depot 410

Great Harbor Bridge

Jumping the inner harbor from these warehouses to the Yancheng mainland is the arched, sleekly shapely pristine-white Great Harbor Bridge. This 110m pedestrian/cyclist passageway is Taiwan’s first horizontally rotating landscape bridge, Asia’s longest cross-port rotating bridge (3min rotations at 3pm daily; at 7pm Fri/Sat/Sun). Its streamlined profile is in the image of a dolphin and seashell. The Kaohsiung Light Rail’s Dayi Pier-2 Station is right off the Yancheng end, making public-transport travel a breeze.

Great Harbor Bridge
View from the bridge

Kaohsiung Port Warehouse No. 2

Kaohsiung Port Warehouse No. 2, opened in its present guise in 2018, is steps north of the aforementioned long-pier area, looking into the main harbor area. Ferries leave from here for Qijin Island across the way, the long, thin barrier island that created the natural harbor. The harbor’s startlingly narrow north-exit mouth is in clear view. There are iconic Taiwan food-brand and cultural-creative outlets on the first floor, artist-exhibit spaces on the second.

Kaohsiung Port Warehouse No. 2
Inside the former warehouse
Second floor

The original warehouse here, built in 1914, was severely damaged in WWII Allied bombing and thereafter reconstructed with concrete support pillars and rebar. Informally called the “Banana Warehouse,” it was used for banana and sugar exports.

Shop selling stuffed animals
Shop selling dolls
Coffee shop
Dining area with harbor view

Chao Da Food is a well-known Kaohsiung chain selling tasty Taiwan traditional-style jerky and dried fruits. Established in a small shop by a husband-wife team over 35 years ago on the city’s famed Sanfeng Central Street, a narrow century-old covered market street that is Kaohsiung’s largest grocery goods wholesale center, it’s now second-generation run. Among its bestsellers are its honey-glaze pork jerky, pepper pork jerky, dried mango, and dried pineapple. Foods used are Kaohsiung-region sourced.

Dried fruit sold by Chao Da Food

Love River

The Love River, known as the urban center’s “spine,” divides it in two. Once heavily polluted, today locals and tourists stream to its lower section, enjoying the long promenades and greenery along both sides, public artworks, cafés and other leisure establishments, romantic-mood nighttime promenade lighting and river-bridge rainbow lighting, and boat tours.

Love River and Kaohsiung Music Center

Love River Beer Garden

Love River Beer Garden is a cool and refreshing alfresco oasis on the river’s right bank downriver from Zhongzheng Bridge on Zhongzheng 4th Road. It’s between the promenade and a quiet local street behind, backed by a row of tall wide-canopy trees.

Love River Beer Garden

The garden’s forecourt is filled with long beer hall-style tables. Forming a backdrop semi-circle are two service kiosks – cargo containers with faux Bavarian chalet-style facades – and a metal-frame sculpture in the shape of a giant beer keg, lit up with string lights. Parked out in front you’ll see the nifty resident bicycle bar, waiting for partiers to jump on and head out self-powered for riverside/neighborhood joy rides (fee).

Chicken wings and meat skewers

On the liquids side of the menu are German Erdinger and Hofbräuhaus beers, Buckskin (Taiwan) beers, cocktails, soft drinks, and hot drinks (coffee and various teas). On the solids side are German-style pork knuckle, BBQ German sausage, chicken wings, and varied skewers, etc. (assorted platters available).

German beer
[Please drink responsibly!]

White Lover Container House

While the beer garden is “backed” by trees, the cross-river White Lover Container House is “in” trees. The “house” is made of four white-painted containers. Two are end-to-end conjoined at ground level back from the promenade, open-faced service counter running the entire length. Between these and the promenade is a spacious low-rise wood-board deck with varied-style seating, tree trunks rising up from deck openings, foliage above providing much-appreciated shade during intense-sun days. Against the promenade’s waterside railing is a seating line constituted of white-painted barrels with round wood-plank tops and high chairs.

White Lover Container House

The second level, reached by metal stairs, is right up in the tree canopies, treehouse-style. Two open-side cargo containers (with seating) jut out at slants, stopping just at the promenade’s edge. More seating is available on a deck built atop the ground-level containers and a long, wide metal-frame catwalk with boardwalk bed that runs between the containers’ promenade ends. At night a festive feel warms the place when the glowing-white string lights hung everywhere come on.

Seating upstairs

On the almost-endless menu’s chewy side are “DIY Toast Sets,” teppanyaki/fried rice/burrito/sandwich/roll/noodle soup options, deep-fried snacks, and sweet things (waffles/honey toast). On the non-chewy side are color-filled fruit and milk-based drinks, soft drinks, yogurts, coffees, teas, and myriad alcoholic drinks.

Deep-fried snacks and colorful drinks
The container house in the evening

Love River Boat Cruise

A Love River boat cruise is a veritable rite of passage for international travelers visiting Kaohsiung. Rides on quiet electric-powered, open-sided Love Boats and on gondolas are offered. Two launch points are located just upriver and downriver from Zhongzheng Bridge, on the left bank, the latter right beside White Lover Container House.

Solar-powered Love River cruise boat
Love River gondola

The experience is soothingly peaceful, especially in the evenings, with the promenade and bridge light reflections rippling on the water, the music of the leisure establishments wafting through the air, and the air of romance enhanced by the afterglow of the setting sun or perhaps the glow of an overhanging moon.

Gondola cruise in the evening

Cruises are weekdays 6pm~10pm and weekends/holidays 3pm~10pm. Check details in person at the ticket booths beside the cruise-outing locations.

Yancheng District

In this section we revisit Yancheng District, exploring how new blood is being infused into the older commercial/residential neighborhoods.

Yancheng First Public Retail Market

Yancheng First Public Retail Market is a heritage market, established in 1949, rebuilt in 1975, and reborn in 2022, with old stands and bricks-and-mortar shops beautied up and newer, hipper ventures setting up. It takes up almost the whole block formed by Xinle Street, Qixian 3rd Road, Lainan Street, and Wufu 4th Road. You enter a labyrinth of narrow alleyways, almost all artery sections roof-covered, immersed in a tight-knit neighborhood world unto itself. There’s small clothing shops and shaved-ice shops and all manner of other shops, even a tiny mom-and-pop neighborhood grocery store, a hardware store, a couple of old-time barber shops – and fronts with no shop at all within; you look in at residents sitting in their cozy little living rooms, just feet away.

Yancheng First Public Retail Market

The market’s heart is a section in the middle sporting a new high gabled wood-plank roof with exposed wood trusses and numerous skylights. The artery sections immediately surrounding now have translucent roofing. In the wooden-roof warren is a beehive of open stalls. You’ll find unusual photo opps aplenty here: a smart pizza stall across from an old-style butcher’s stall, a dapper sit-down beer-on-tap stand beside a fish seller. (Note: the leisure/entertainment-type spots tend to open later in the day.)

Shops and market stalls

Yama Ichi Tempura

Yama Ichi Tempura is a cozy, stylish eatery of attractive Japanese trappings that has swordfish as a specialty. The business was started by the owner’s great-grandfather about 70 years ago, selling swordfish meat to Taiwanese/Japanese restaurants, later expanding into tempura products. The eatery serves stewed, steamed, and fried selections, with assorted-platter options.

Yama Ichi Tempura
Preparing tempura

Dachi Coffee

Dachi Coffee is a cutesy, cubbyhole retro café brimming with furnishings and merchandise from 1970s/1980s Japan (some Taiwanese too) – vinyl records, record player, alarm clock, etc. The café logo, adorning the door and elsewhere, is the head of a cartoon cat. There’s varied coffees (honey + nutmeg latte especially interesting), cane sugar or cocoa milk, and handmade bagels.

Milk Tea Street

Milk Tea Street is a three-block-long (short blocks) section of Xinle Street bubbling with milk tea shops, stretching from Dayong Road to Dazhi Road. You may know beloved “milk tea” by one of its many other names: bubble (milk) tea, pearl milk tea, boba tea, and so on. Hot Kaohsiung seems to have a special passion for this cold drink, and now celebrates it each autumn with the Yancheng Milk Tea Festival, launched in 2020, centered on Milk Tea Street.

The festival celebrates many things, among these the glories and stories and delicious foods of old Yancheng. and how young folk are returning to Kaohsiung to renovate old shops and open new businesses. Milk Tea Street was long known as “Gold Street,” filled with jewelry shops.

Hwa Da Milk Tea

Hwa Da Milk Tea is today an island-wide chain. The Xinle Street location, opened in 1982, is the progenitor of both chain and Xinle’s milk tea bloom. The façade and interior have been elegantly modernized by the younger generation, the former now featuring slabs of polished black marble. Mounted on one arcade column is an unmissable human-sized mockup of the iconic Hwa Da paper cup, deep-black distinctive calligraphy on a pure-white background. Black tea is the standard for milk tea, but Hwa Da like other Kaohsiung sellers also uses Pu’er tea, as well as Oolong.

Hwa Da Milk Tea

Sungyi Milk Tea

It would be easy to mistake Sungyi Milk Tea for an art gallery rather than a milk tea purveyor. The open-front façade looks like a work of installation art. Black, Pu’er, and Iron Goddess tea are used here. Free fresh-made “bubbles” (tapioca-starch balls) are offered until sold out daily, starting 11am.

Sungyi Milk Tea

Ou Jia

On an intersection, wide wraparound saloon-style boardwalk (with seating) out front, Ou Jia has an exterior festooned with loud, inviting signage. A specialty here is use of lotus root, in both the liquid and hand-made bubbles, and of kumquat.

Ou Jia

Fengshan District

This large district is east/northeast of the districts we’ve been visiting so far, on the east side of Kaohsiung’s main urban agglomeration. Its north is served by the Kaohsiung Metro’s Orange Line, which terminates in the west just off the port in Gushan District. The attractions we intro below are along this line.

National Kaohsiung Center for the Arts (Weiwuying)

The word “humongous” and the title National Kaohsiung Center for the Arts (Weiwuying) pair easily together in a sentence. This facility has become a destination for its almost indescribable from-the-future exterior appearance as much as for the artistry displayed within at its Opera House, Concert Hall, Playhouse, and Recital Hall, and in the fancifully designed amphitheater for outdoor performances, which is ensconced in a purpose-constructed depression in the sloping roof. The center’s superlatives are many, among these: world’s largest performance arts center under one roof and home of Asia’s largest pipe organ.

National Kaohsiung Center for the Arts (Weiwuying)
Shady space below the building
Outdoor art

The site of the arts center and adjoining, gracefully landscaped Weiwuying Metropolitan Park was used as a military base from way back in the Qing Dynasty to late last century. The center’s open structure is designed to cooperate with Taiwan’s subtropical climate, cooling breezes flowing through the center-piercing tunnels like compressed winds rushing through canyons.

Weiwuying Metropolitan Park

Weiwuying Street Art Village

Close by the arts center is the entertaining Weiwuying Street Art Village, a residential neighborhood where over 100 low-rise building façades have been used as giant canvases for wonderfully whimsical murals by local and international talent, and offbeat ground-level installation works dot the landscape. Of Taiwan’s cities, Kaohsiung has most eagerly embraced street art, with this community following in the footsteps of the Jiuru Street Art Factory and The Pier-2 Art Center last decade. Sample mural subjects: massive coralfish-surrounded stag at ocean’s bottom, intricate antler rack become spreading coral; massive owl staring intently back at you; massive sun shooting curly flames in all directions.

On the way to Weiwuying Street Art Village
Weiwuying Street Art Village this way
Giant mural
One of the many painted residential buildings
Another building
Painted metal wall
Giant deer
Giant owl
Tropical-fish aquarium

Dadong Wetlands Park

Dadong Wetlands Park is a large, tranquil park of tall mature trees and rest pavilions and benches aplenty that is bracketed by the narrow Fengshan River on the east and, on its north, an irrigation canal branching off it dating to the Qing Dynasty. The park dates to 1981. In recent decades Mother Nature has been made a partner “renovating” the picture-postcard small lake at its core, vestige of a manmade irrigation lake from imperial times, resulting in abundant waterfowl, turtles, and fish life.

Dadong Wetlands Park
Pond filled with hundreds of gold fish

Directly facing the park is another big and proud Kaohsiung architectural statement, the young, green, magnificent membrane-roof Dadong Arts Center.

Dadong Arts Center

Note: The Kaohsiung City Govt. officially uses the Tongyong Pinyin romanization system while the central government uses Hanyu Pinyin. Since this magazine is published by the central government’s Taiwan Tourism Bureau, Hanyu Pinyin is used for place names throughout this article. Example: Qijin Island (Hanyu Pinyin) instead of Cijin Island (Tongyong Pinyin).

About the author

Rick Charette

A Canadian, Rick has been resident in Taiwan almost continually since 1988. His book, article, and other writings, on Asian and North American destinations and subjects—encompassing travel, culture, history, business/economics—have been published widely overseas and in Taiwan. He has worked with National Geographic, Michelin, APA Insight Guides, and other Western groups internationally, and with many local publishers and central/city/county government bodies in Taiwan. Rick also handles a wide range of editorial and translation (from Mandarin Chinese) projects.